Energy-water relationships in reticulated water infrastructure systems

Ben Kneppers, Damon Birchfield, Maggie Lawton.

The report provides an initial analysis of the relationship between energy use and reticulated water supply and wastewater treatment. A literature study was supplemented by energy and water use data from four distinct reticulated water systems (Waitakere, Palmerston North, Kapiti and Nelson). The data was analysed and considered for energy use and energy efficiency and consideration given to how improvements could be made.